First Aid to a Dog in Different Situations
Here are many situations where you can provide first aid and save your dog’s life. Then, of course, immediately run to the vet, but first help yourself.
Self-medication and first aid for dogs
First aid to animals is not self-medication.
If your dog sneezes or itches, take time to go to the clinic. A visit to the veterinarian is always safer, even if it says on the Internet that this is nothing, it will go away by itself. It passes, but not always.
If your dog stepped on a nail in the woods or fainted from the heat, don’t hesitate to help her. Go to the vet anyway, but do first aid first. These are actions without which your pet will become much worse very quickly.
Let’s analyze the main cases when you can provide first aid to a dog and literally save his life.
First aid for a dog in case of poisoning
Symptoms: Drowsiness, confusion, loss of coordination, vomiting, salivation, seizures, foam at the mouth
Poisoning is one of the biggest dangers that can occur both outdoors and at home.
In this case, there is little that can be done without a doctor, so try to get the dog to the nearest branch office right away. If you are walking on the street in the city, most likely there is a clinic in the nearest block.
First aid must be provided immediately:
1. Induce vomiting. Pour more water into the dog or press on the root of the tongue. Drinking can only be done if the dog is conscious. If the pet has lost consciousness, it is absolutely impossible to drink.
2. Give absorbents. Activated carbon — 1 tablet per 1 kg of weight, diluted in water.
Then be sure to go to the vet. It can be difficult even for a doctor to determine the source of the poison and the course of treatment, so you should not self-medicate.
How to help with heatstroke
Symptoms: the dog is lethargic, saliva flows from the mouth, the dog cannot stand and walk normally, breathes frequently with wheezing, diarrhea and cramps may occur.
It is important that all these symptoms occurred in hot weather or in an overheated space, otherwise the same symptom may be in case of overwork or illness.
To help the dog, you need to remove the collar, move it to a cool place, wipe it with cold water. Compresses can be applied to the stomach, thighs, armpits. It is impossible to completely immerse an overheated dog in cold water so that there is no temperature jump. Give your dog plenty of water, and when he calms down and returns to normal, go to the vet. First aid to a dog with heat stroke is very important, because it is dangerous with internal consequences. Only a doctor can notice them, therefore, as soon as the dog comes to his senses, go to the clinic.
First aid for a dog with hypothermia
Symptoms: pale skin, cold to the touch, no sensitivity.
The coat perfectly protects the dog from the cold, but in extreme situations the dog can get hypothermia or frostbite. It is all the more serious if the dog has injured a limb, has not eaten for a long time, is wet. The tips of the ears, paws, tail, breasts and groin are most affected. The skin on them turns pale and red.
It is impossible to rub the damaged area, this can damage the weak point, and infection will begin.
Never use heating pads and hot water. This can further damage the frostbite areas.
A hypothermic dog should be brought to a warm place and gradually warmed: wrap it up with a blanket, place in a warm bath. After the dog is awake and warmed up, show it to the vet.
If the dog chokes
Symptoms: The dog cannot swallow, scratches its face, tries to spit something out
If the dog is playing and choking, do not rush to pat him on the back.
So you can only do harm. Wait a little, usually dogs will successfully spit out what they cannot swallow. But if the dog does not cope on its own, do not hesitate:
1. Open the dog’s mouth. If you can see the object, try to gently remove it with tweezers. Never put your fingers in your dog’s mouth, as this can only push the object harder. In addition, in such cases, dogs often bite, so fingers can be seriously injured.
2. If the object is very deep, it is better not to go down the throat yourself. You can only harm.
3. If the dog is small, turn it over and try to simply shake out the foreign object. If the dog is large, lift its hind legs up. The main thing is that the respiratory passage is directed downward so that the object falls out under the influence of gravity.
4. If that doesn’t work, tilt the dog’s head down and slap between the shoulder blades. Be careful if it is a small dog.
5. As a last resort, use Heimlich’s technique: tilt the dog’s head down, grab the dog from behind, press your fist on the stomach under the very ribs 3–4 times. If it is a small dog, you can press with your fingers. Be very careful not to break your ribs or damage your internal organs.
If the object was hard and sharp, be sure to see your veterinarian to rule out internal damage.
How to treat a dog’s wound
Symptoms: open wound, bleeding
Animals fight outside and can injure themselves on a sharp object. Normal scratches heal on their own, you may not even notice them. But if the bleeding is heavy, try a tourniquet or pressure bandage, and then go to the vet.
Small wounds and scratches need to be disinfected. Ordinary hydrogen peroxide will work and will not hurt your cat or dog.
Rinse the wound well. If the wound is in the lower part of the paw, it is better to bandage it so that dirt does not get there at first. Make sure that the pet does not lick or scratch the wound, otherwise it will take a long time to heal.
If a dog is bitten by a wasp
Symptoms: severe swelling at the site of the bite
Dogs are often bitten by bees and wasps. The allergic reaction can be very severe, up to such swelling that the dog will find it difficult to breathe. To provide first aid to a dog in this case is simple:
1. Remove the sting from the bite site. Only bees leave a sting, wasps and bumblebees — no.
2. Wipe the bite site with ammonia or vodka
3. Apply cold to reduce swelling
4. Give anti-allergenic
Allergy medication must be prescribed by a doctor, so go to him. For the next few days, make sure that the dog does not scratch the bite site, otherwise it will carry dirt there.
If a dog is bitten by a snake, for example, a viper, you cannot do without a doctor. Get the dog to the hospital as soon as possible.
How to prevent injury to pets
More often than not, injury occurs because we let it happen. There are simple things to keep track of:
1. Never leave your dog in a car in hot weather. Even for a minute and with the windows open
2. Do not allow the dog to pick up from the ground. From this it is necessary to strictly wean, if it does not work out — to walk in a muzzle.
3. In the cold, it is better to dress the dog, especially to protect the paws. If the dog starts shaking, go home.
4. Do not walk near roads. Even the most well-mannered dogs will break off somewhere once a year.
5. All household chemicals should be safely hidden, as if from a small child.
6. Do not self-medicate. After providing first aid, immediately go to the veterinarian’s appointment.
Take care of yourself and your pets!